(PL) Poland – research into national policy, culture animation and general country background
The preparation of the first Polish study trip included a wide research into national cultural and social policies, culture animation and community work practices as well as collecting general information about the country for foreign visitors. The resulting “reading pack” comprises of encyclopaedia articles, artist biograms, profiles of particularly important institutions, as well as translations of various reports on history and state of cultural institutions in Poland.
GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT POLAND AND POLISH CULTURE:
- Poland in Wikipedia – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poland
- Polish Presidency of the European Union Council 2011 – http://pl2011.eu/en – lots of information about Poland, its culture, cities, science & economy, environment and so on. Downloadable file in PDF: http://pl2011.eu/sites/default/files/users/shared/polska/poland_final_na_ekran.pdf
- Culture.pl – http://www.culture.pl/web/english – information about Polish culture on the website run by Adam Mickiewicz Institute.
- European Culture Congress – http://www.culturecongress.eu/english/home – September 2011. Four days of non-stop culture. Exhibitions, concerts, films, theatre performances, and panels. Over 300 artists and renowned intellectuals from all over the world gather in one city. The website provides information on the Congress and Polish culture in European context.
CULTURE ANIMATION IN POLAND:
- Culture Animation: Looking Back and Forward, ed. Grzegorz Godlewski, Iwona Kurz, Andrzej Mencwel, Michał Wójtowski, Warsaw 2002, http://animusproject.net/eng/downloads/anim-ang.pdf.
- Culture Animation NOW!, ed. Iwona Kurz, Warsaw 2008, http://www.culturalanimation.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/07/can.pdf
This brief study will discuss the condition of associations and foundations (excluding Volunteer Fire Departments), which are the largest segment of the non-governmental sector. Approximately 60 thousand active entities of this type exist in Poland and it is to these entities that the study will refer by means of the term ‘non-governmental organisations’.
[…] For culture, the key aspect of the transformation period was undoubtedly the shift from the centralised state to the decentralised one, which resulted from the reform of Poland’s administrative divisions. Equally important was the fact that the state ceased to monopolise the sphere of culture, with the decentralisation of culture beginning in 1990 when local governments were restored. Municipalities (gminas) set up under the Act of March 8, 1990 on Local Government were to be responsible for managing cultural facilities and institutions. Provincial cultural centres were preserved and subvented by the state as its institutions. […]
[…] The current study analyses rural, urban-rural and urban municipalities with no more than 20 thousand residents. Each of them has a similar system of public institutions with the same ‘actors’, who are briefly described below. Such a description of key local institutions does not exhaust the topic. It only aims to present those who jointly shape the conditions of life and civic engagement in the researched communities.[…]